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Understanding Dengue: A Comprehensive Guide for Parents


Dengue mosquito aegypti

As a parent, the health and well-being of your children are always a top priority. One health concern that is prevalent in our region is Dengue fever. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into what Dengue is, its symptoms, prevention methods, and what to do if your child contracts it.



What is Dengue?

dengue virus transmission

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection causing a severe flu-like illness and, sometimes causing a potentially lethal complication called severe dengue. The incidence of dengue has grown dramatically around the world in recent decades. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 50-100 million infections occur each year, with half of the world's population at risk. It is crucial to understand this disease to protect your family effectively.


Symptoms of Dengue


dengue symptoms

The symptoms of dengue fever usually begin four to six days after infection and last for up to 10 days. They may include:

  • Sudden high fever

  • Severe headaches

  • Pain behind the eyes

  • Severe joint and muscle pain

  • Fatigue

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Skin rash

  • Mild bleeding

If your child exhibits any of these symptoms, it's important to seek medical attention immediately. The symptoms can be mistaken for other illnesses, and early detection is key to effective treatment.


Preventing Dengue


dengue prevention

Prevention is better than cure, especially when it comes to diseases like dengue. Here's a checklist of effective prevention methods:


Eliminate mosquito breeding sites around your home: Mosquitoes breed in stagnant water. Regularly check and remove stagnant water from flower pots, buckets, barrels, and other containers.

Use mosquito repellents: Apply mosquito repellent on exposed skin and clothing. Use repellents containing DEET, picaridin, IR3535, or oil of lemon eucalyptus.

Ensure your children wear long-sleeved clothing during peak mosquito activity hours: Dress your children in clothes that cover most of the body, especially during early morning and late afternoon.

Install mosquito nets at home: Use mosquito nets at home, especially if your child is resting or sleeping during the day. Make sure the nets are free from holes and are properly installed.


What to Do If Your Child Has Dengue


dengue treatment for children


If your child contracts dengue, it's crucial to seek medical help immediately. Here's a step-by-step guide on what to do:


Seek medical help: Contact your community doctor immediately. They can provide guidance and help monitor your child's condition.

Keep your child well hydrated: Ensure they drink plenty of fluids. Dehydration can worsen the symptoms.

Monitor their symptoms: Keep a close eye on their condition. If the symptoms worsen, seek immediate medical attention.

Manage their comfort: Keep them comfortable and rested. Avoid physical exertion as it may worsen the symptoms.

Follow medical advice: Follow the treatment plan provided by your doctor. Do not give your child medicines without consulting the doctor.


Understanding the Severity of Dengue


Dengue can range from mild to severe. Mild cases may resemble the flu, but severe cases can lead to dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome, which can be life-threatening. Early intervention through your community doctor is critical in managing the disease effectively.


Dengue is a serious health concern, but with the right knowledge and precautions, it can be prevented and managed effectively. Remember, when it comes to your children's health, it's always better to be safe than sorry.


Want to learn more about how to protect your family from common health risks? Subscribe to our blog for more informative articles like this one. If you have any health concerns or need medical advice, don't hesitate to reach out to us at GP Klinik. We're here to help.


References:

  1. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding dengue infection among parents of children hospitalized for dengue fever: Read More

  2. The clinical profile of dengue infection cases presenting in a tertiary care institute: an observational study: Read More

  3. "We need people to collaborate together against this disease": A qualitative exploration of perceptions of dengue fever control in caregivers' of children under 5 years, in the Peruvian Amazon: Read More

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